Extraction and Application of Chitosan from Lemon Peel on Cotton fabric for formaldehyde free Crease Recovery Finish

  • Karthikeyan M Ramasamy Expatriate lecturer in Textile Engineering/Industrial Chemistry at Arba Minch University, Arba Minch Ethiopia
  • Prathiba Devi R
  • Abdurahman Mengesha
Keywords: Crease recovery, non-formaldehyde, citric acid, lemon peel, extraction


Cotton is most preferable Clothing material because of its desirable properties such as comfortably, wash ability, moisture absorbency and flexible. However the cotton has the undesirable properties such as crease formations and wrinkles during wash and wear. The serious problem of crease formation in the cotton materials are solved by treating it with cross lining materials using Formaldehyde and Non Formaldehyde Agents.  The crease resistance of cotton fabrics are achieved by formaldehyde based N-methylol compound such as Di-MethylolDihydroxy Ethylene Urea (DMDHEU), Non Formaldehyde Agents using polycarboxylic acids. But use of formaldehyde based chemicals for crease resistant harms the wearers and environment critically.  This research focused on an alternative method of crease resistance on cotton material by extraction of citric acids from natural citrus fruit lemon peels. Recovery and resistance of crease of cotton will be evaluated by crease recovery angle. The physical properties were evaluated and the effects of citric acid to the environment were determined.

Author Biographies

Karthikeyan M Ramasamy, Expatriate lecturer in Textile Engineering/Industrial Chemistry at Arba Minch University, Arba Minch Ethiopia

# 47A, West Street,

Back to Venkateshwara College,

K.Mettupalayam& Post,

Gobichettipalayam – 638 455,

Erode District,Tamilnadu, india

Prathiba Devi R

Department of Apparel and Fashion Design, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore

Abdurahman Mengesha

Department of Apparel and Fashion Design, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore.


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