Investigation of Corrosion in Oil and Gas Production: A Review on Mechanism, Types and Mitigation

  • Vibha .
  • Jyoti Rana
  • Omprakash Sahu

Abstract

Corrosion is characterized as a physical and chemical reaction that causes material deterioration between a metal and the atmosphere and thus hinders the desired purpose of the metal, the setting or the quality of the device. On the external surface, this can be general corrosion or intermittent metal loss or localized corrosion can be found where only a small part of the surface comes into contact. Corrosion in the oil and gas sector is mainly attributable to the reservoir and well fluids that are harvested during exploration and production operations. Some of the corrosive mechanisms that are generally observed in the oil and gas industry and the impact of corrosion agents in the fluid are discussed briefly in this report. This report offers a detailed analysis of corrosion problems and their prevention during the processing of oil and gas. The chemistry of the corrosion process in the oil and gas industry has been studied with different forms of corrosion and associated corroding agents. Factors are also presented that influenced each of the different types of corrosion. Ways of mitigating this hazard with current low-cost technologies have been addressed. Due to toxicity to the atmosphere, the overwhelming use of industrial corrosion inhibitors to mitigate corrosion is being limited. The development of “green” chemistry has contributed to the use of plant extracts and fruit waste that have proved to be strong inhibitors of corrosion.

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Published
2020-04-25
How to Cite
., Vibha; RANA, Jyoti; SAHU, Omprakash. Investigation of Corrosion in Oil and Gas Production: A Review on Mechanism, Types and Mitigation. Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 1-10, apr. 2020. Available at: <https://thejournalshouse.com/index.php/Journal-Chemistry-ChemEng/article/view/58>. Date accessed: 17 aug. 2022.